Smart agriculture is a concept for changing and reorienting agricultural frameworks. Smart agriculture approaches the concept of farming in a modern way through communication technology, data management and cloud-based events in cyber-physical farm management. There are many techniques and methodologies adopted in farming with the goal to yield growth and expansion in production. Present-day farming is improving and advancing with the objective of commercialization of yields. Advanced technologies including Big Data, GPS, IoT and connected devices are engaging automated farming and data collection from fields. The data is used to offer farmers with relevant analytic information that is used for obtaining significant optimization and profitability.
Concept of IoT sensors and actuators in agricultural practices
Internet of things (IoT) is transforming agriculture, enabling farmers to increase quantity and quality of agricultural production. The innovative approach of Internet of Things (IoT) has given a new direction to the agricultural domain and modernized farming. Internet of Things (IoT) framework is ensuring communication protocols, data processing capacity, security levels, safety levels and performance periods.
IoT sensors and actuators can be deployed at various locations in the farms for information collection, this information can be examined for smarter decision making in agricultural practices. IoT sensors are enabling the agricultural sector to map and monitor climate conditions and estimate agricultural yield.
Cloud computing for modernizing agriculture
Agricultural modernization through cloud computing is all about big data analytics and storage of data that is used over time to make better decisions. The framework accumulates data from different clients through pre-configured sensors to process it using big data analytics, providing relevant information to users automatically.
Farmers pursue unrefined strategies and crude methods of farming, that lead to unfavorable outcomes and lower benefits to the sector. An approach and methodology towards modernizing agricultural sector needs to be adopted.
Adoption of cloud computing technology in modernizing the domain of agriculture brings a significant possibility of productivity and development in the overall sector. Cloud computing database helps in computing, inspecting and auditing information. Production performances of individual plants and plant groups can be analyzed, computed and planned. Computer simulation and mathematical modelling are used for the evaluation of productivity of plants. Cloud computing emerges in tracing and controlling farm’s production security and enhancing security monitoring. Cloud computing is playing a vital role in weather forecasting for farmers enabling them to make better decisions on cultivation and development of crops.
Automation and the use of artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data contribute to the evolution of agricultural practices and administrative policies increasing income and the global sustainability of agriculture.